Brazil International Agreements

Brazil`s foreign policy under the Lula da Silva government has focused on the following guidelines: contributing to the search for greater balance and the mitigation of unilateralism; Strengthen bilateral and multilateral relations to increase the country`s clout in international political and economic negotiations; Deepen relationships in order to benefit from greater economic, financial, technological and cultural exchanges; avoid agreements that could threaten long-term development. [13] If a country does not enter into an international agreement, its partner will initiate consultations to examine in detail the reasons for its non-compliance. Some agreements have more detailed rules on non-compliance. This is the case with agreements between members of the World Trade Organization (WTO): if one country understands that it has been harmed by another, it can ask the WTO to assess the case. Each country has its own way of dealing with international treaties. Some impose stricter restrictions on contracting, while others require only minimal authorization. In Brazil, it is the Brazilian Federal Constitution that sets these rules. It says that the power to conclude an international treaty is primarily vested in the president, but that Congress must also approve the treaty. After the conclusion of the contract, the Federal Court of Justice decided that the policies mentioned in it should continue to be incorporated into Brazilian law. The president has the right to enshrine the new rules by a decree issued to the Bundesregister.

Why does the National Congress have to approve certain international agreements in order for them to come into force? The United Nations (UN) prohibits secret agreements. That is why, under Article 102 of the UN Charter, all UN member countries are required to make their international agreements public. One of the diplomat`s tasks is to negotiate international agreements. What are these agreements? What are they for? Brazil`s political, commercial and military activities are complemented by the country`s trade policy. In Brazil, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs continues to dominate trade policy, which means that the country`s commercial interests are (sometimes) subddominated by a broader foreign policy objective, namely to strengthen Brazil`s influence in Latin America and the world. [11] While, for example, the conclusion of sound trade agreements with developed countries (such as the United States and the European Union) would likely benefit Brazil`s long-term economic interest, the Brazilian government has instead prioritized its leadership within Mercosul and strengthened its trade relations with african, Asian and Middle Eastern countries. International agreements that give rise to royalties or obligations contrary to national ownership must be approved by Congress before it enters into force, as stipulated in Article 49.I of the Federal Constitution. In June 2009, Brazil and the Philippines made commitments by signing mutual cooperation agreements in the fields of bioenergy and agriculture. [70] The two countries have committed to take the necessary steps to implement the signed Agricultural Cooperation Agreement and the Bioenergy Cooperation Agreement.

[71] The Philippines and Brazil have signed six Memorandums of Understanding and Agreements on Renewable Energy Development and Production and Agricultural Cooperation. [72] It intends to “facilitate technical cooperation…