When Was The Munich Agreement Signed

It is curious to reflect on this sudden return to the arts of concealment and oppression at a time when the growth of democratic ideas and the triumphs of invention seemed to propagate the General Enlightenment. President Wilson, who has scored phrases that have resulted in such unfortunate results, spoke at the peace conference about open alliances that have opened up and thought that justice and peace would succeed when people lived in the full light of the world. When Bridges wrote his beauty will, he thought Wireless had made war much more unlikely. He argued that “the drowned voice of truth, a deviation from the speed of light”, would spread on land and sea when Germany, France, Great Britain and Italy signed the Munich Accords in the early hours of 30 September 1938, the Nazis recaptured the country of the Czechoslovakia Sudetenland, where ethnic Germans live mainly along the Czech borders. The treaty also allowed Germany to retake Czechoslovakia, which they officially did on March 15, 1939. It should be noted that Czechoslovakia was not represented at the conference that decided the fate of that country. The agreement is later seen as a failed attempt to avoid a war with Nazi Germany. On May 20, Hitler presented his generals with a draft plan of attack for Czechoslovakia, codenamed Operation Green. [15] He insisted that Czechoslovakia should not be “dismantled” militarily, without “provocation,” “particularly favourable opportunity” or “appropriate political justification.” [16] On May 28, Hitler convened a meeting of his department heads, ordered the acceleration of submarine construction and advanced the construction of his new battleships Bismarck and Tirpitz in the spring of 1940.

He asked to accelerate the increase in the firepower of the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. [17] Hitler realized that this would still not be enough for a full maritime war with Britain, Hitler hoped it would be a sufficient deterrent. [18] Ten days later, Hitler signed a secret line of war against Czechoslovakia, which was to begin no later than October 1. [14] In the spring of 1938, Hitler openly began to support calls by German spokesmen in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “Greater Germany”. The Czechoslovakian government hoped that Britain and France would help in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain tried to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered favorable agreements to Hitler, but Fuhrer responded to his demands. The American historian William L. Shirer estimated in his “Rise and Fall of the Third Reich” (1960) that Czechoslovakia, although Hitler was not bluffing about its intention to invade, could have resisted considerably. Shirer believed that Britain and France had sufficient air defence to avoid severe bombing of London and Paris, and could have waged a swift and fruitful war against Germany.

[66] He quotes Churchill as saying that the agreement means that “Britain and France are in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany.” [61] After personally inspecting the Czech fortifications, Hitler privately told Joseph Goebbels that “we shed a lot of blood” and that it was fortunate that there had been no fighting. [67] The economic consequences of the Munich agreement will certainly be very severe for Czechoslovakia.